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Optical Coherence Tomography as a Tool for In Vivo Staging and Grading of Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma: A Study of Diagnostic Accuracy

Bus MT, de Bruin DM, Faber DJ, Kamphuis GM, Zondervan PJ, Laguna-Pes MP, et al.

J Urol. 2016 Dec;196(6):1749-1755

Editorial comment from Piotr Chlosta: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) was able to visualize, grade and stage UTUC, with sensitivity and specificity of 86.7% and 78.6% for grading, and 91.7% and 78.6% for staging, respectively.  Multicenter prospective studies further assessing this real-time intraoperative diagnostic modality for UTUC are warranted.