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LATITUDE: A phase III, double-blind, randomized trial of androgen deprivation therapy with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone or placebos in newly diagnosed high-risk metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, Namphuong Tran, Luis Enrique Fein, Nobuaki Matsubara, Alfredo Rodríguez Antolín, Boris Y. Alekseev, et al. On Behalf of the LATITUDE Investigators

Editorial comment from Prof. Piotr Chlosta:
In LATITUDE trial, early addition of abiraterone acetate (AA) to androgen therapy (ADT) compared to ADT+placebo in patients with newly diagnosed high risk metastatic hormone-naïve prostate cancer, resulted in significantly improved overall survival, radiographic progression-free survival, and all secondary end-points.  These results, together with the most recent results of STAMPEDE, support early addition of abiraterone to ADT, and are likely to be practice-changing.

Abstract:

Background:

Pts with newly diagnosed mHNPC, particularly with high-risk characteristics, have a poor prognosis. ADT+docetaxel showed improved outcomes in mHNPC, but many pts are not candidates for docetaxel and may benefit from alternative therapy. AA+P is indicated for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer pts. LATITUDE evaluates clinical benefit of early intervention with AA+P added to ADT in newly diagnosed, high-risk mHNPC pts.

Methods:

1199 pts with newly diagnosed (≤ 3 mos prior to randomization) mHNPC (ECOG PS 0-2) with ≥ 2 of 3 risk factors (Gleason ≥ 8, ≥ 3 bone lesions, measurable visceral metastases) were randomized 1:1 to ADT+AA (1 g QD) + P (5 mg QD) or ADT+PBOs of AA and P. Co-primary end points were overall survival (OS) and radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS). One rPFS (~565 events), 2 interim, and 1 final OS analyses (~426, ~554, and ~852 events) were planned.

Results:

At this first interim analysis (median follow-up of 30.4 mos; 406 deaths [48%]; 593 rPFS events), OS, rPFS, and all secondary end points significantly favored ADT+AA+P (Table). The IDMC unanimously recommended unblinding the study and crossing pts to ADT+AA+P. Grade 3/4 adverse events (ADT+AA+P vs ADT+PBOs) (%): hypertension (20.3 vs 10.0); hypokalemia (10.4 vs 1.3); increased ALT (5.5 vs 1.3) or AST (4.4 vs 1.5).

Conclusions:

Early use of AA+P added to ADT in pts with high-risk mHNPC yielded significantly improved OS, rPFS, and all secondary end points vs ADT+PBOs alone. ADT+AA+P had a favorable risk/benefit ratio and supports early intervention with AA+P in newly diagnosed, high-risk mHNPC. Clinical trial information: NCT01715285

© 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).

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